Millions of patients are hospitalized for acute heart failure (AHF) every year throughout the world. Despite tremendous advances in cardiovascular care, morbidity and mortality for AHF remain high. With the aging of the population, the incidence and prevalence of AHF is projected to increase. Yet, initial treatment of AHF today is similar to 40 years ago. Multiple studies have yielded new insights regarding initial management, with regards to both treatment and strategies of care. There remains, however, an unmet need to improve outcomes for AHF patients. A tool designed to assess what interferes with acute heart failure patients’ ability to care for themselves after hospital discharge holds promise for improving patient outcomes and reducing readmissions to the hospital. The new tool – a patient survey – designed by researchers at Vanderbilt University, was published online Tuesday in Annals of Emergency Medicine.